History and Culture of Iceland


History and Culture of IcelandIceland was first discovered by some Scandinavian sailors. They came across Iceland during the mid-ninth century. Ingolfur Arnason was the first known settler to arrive in Iceland. This settler arrived in the year eight hundred and seventy four.

A Norse Viking by the name of Floki set sail for Iceland. However, he spent too much time fishing and hunting. This meant he did not have any lay for his livestock. Sadly, his livestock died during the winter season. Following this, Floki named the island, Iceland.

The Scandinavian’s soon brought many slaves and settlers. Norse decent and Irish blood were among these people.

During the year nine hundred and thirty, a General Assembly formed. In the year one thousand, the General Assembly decided that Iceland would become Christian. Between twelve sixty two, and twelve sixty four, Iceland then became a part of Norway. In thirteen eighty, Iceland went along with Norway, who went under the Danish rule. In June, nineteen forty four, Iceland soon became an independent republic.

Geography and Location

Iceland is situated on the northern side of the Atlantic Ocean. You will find it sitting between Norway and Greenland. The Arctic Circle is sitting a little south of the island. There are many glaciers, lakes, wastelands, sands and lava in and around Iceland.

Iceland’s Capital City Is Reykjavik

Economy and Food

History and Culture of IcelandIceland is home to a wide range of events throughout the year. You will often find the food at many of these events often include some sort of meat. This meat can range from fermented shark meat, through to smoked lamb. These are often found at festive events. Icelanders also love their coffee. Not to mention very large amounts of sugar.

The food at ceremonial events and food customs often range from: a wide range of pastries and delicious cakes. Thin pancakes with whipped cream, and crullers are always on the menu at these events.

Basic Economy

In ninety ninety one, fish processing, agriculture and fishing were all popular occupations. Major industries include: communications, building, public sector, commerce, finance and insurance, and transportation. The most exported items are fish products and fish. All grain products are imported from other countries. However, meat and dairy products are all produced within Iceland. Several vegetables are grown in green houses, whilst potatoes are produced locally.

Statuses and Gender Roles

Iceland is big on gender equality. More so than a lot of other countries throughout the world. They are very open to women in politics, as well as in the clergy system. Whilst it is mostly men who do the fishing, women are more likely to be in the fish processing departments.


History and Culture of IcelandThe main church in Iceland is the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Ninety two point two per cent of the population of Iceland are practicing members. There are a small amount of Catholic, general Lutherans and other. Iceland is home to many Lutheran churches. A Catholic church and other groups can be found in Reykjavik.

Secular Celebrations

Many of Iceland’s holiday’s will have some sort of religious background to them. All holidays involve giving workers a day off work. Most workers are likely to give themselves a small vacation.

About Author: