History and Culture of Iceland


History and Culture of IcelandIceland was first discovered by some Scandinavian sailors. They came across Iceland during the mid-ninth century. Ingolfur Arnason was the first known settler to arrive in Iceland. This settler arrived in the year eight hundred and seventy four.

A Norse Viking by the name of Floki set sail for Iceland. However, he spent too much time fishing and hunting. This meant he did not have any lay for his livestock. Sadly, his livestock died during the winter season. Following this, Floki named the island, Iceland.

The Scandinavian’s soon brought many slaves and settlers. Norse decent and Irish blood were among these people.

During the year nine hundred and thirty, a General Assembly formed. In the year one thousand, the General Assembly decided that Iceland would become Christian. Between twelve sixty two, and twelve sixty four, Iceland then became a part of Norway. In thirteen eighty, Iceland went along with Norway, who went under the Danish rule. In June, nineteen forty four, Iceland soon became an independent republic.

Geography and Location

Iceland is situated on the northern side of the Atlantic Ocean. You will find it sitting between Norway and Greenland. The Arctic Circle is sitting a little south of the island. There are many glaciers, lakes, wastelands, sands and lava in and around Iceland.

Iceland’s Capital City Is Reykjavik

Economy and Food

History and Culture of IcelandIceland is home to a wide range of events throughout the year. You will often find the food at many of these events often include some sort of meat. This meat can range from fermented shark meat, through to smoked lamb. These are often found at festive events. Icelanders also love their coffee. Not to mention very large amounts of sugar.

The food at ceremonial events and food customs often range from: a wide range of pastries and delicious cakes. Thin pancakes with whipped cream, and crullers are always on the menu at these events.

Basic Economy

In ninety ninety one, fish processing, agriculture and fishing were all popular occupations. Major industries include: communications, building, public sector, commerce, finance and insurance, and transportation. The most exported items are fish products and fish. All grain products are imported from other countries. However, meat and dairy products are all produced within Iceland. Several vegetables are grown in green houses, whilst potatoes are produced locally.

Statuses and Gender Roles

Iceland is big on gender equality. More so than a lot of other countries throughout the world. They are very open to women in politics, as well as in the clergy system. Whilst it is mostly men who do the fishing, women are more likely to be in the fish processing departments.


History and Culture of IcelandThe main church in Iceland is the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Ninety two point two per cent of the population of Iceland are practicing members. There are a small amount of Catholic, general Lutherans and other. Iceland is home to many Lutheran churches. A Catholic church and other groups can be found in Reykjavik.

Secular Celebrations

Many of Iceland’s holiday’s will have some sort of religious background to them. All holidays involve giving workers a day off work. Most workers are likely to give themselves a small vacation.

Music of Iceland And The Famous Icelandic Singers

Iceland has it’s own special music, which includes vibrant folk and pop tunes and has a very long tradition. The music doesn’t resemble any other music of European countries or around the world. Actually it’s related to Nordic music form; some of today’s songs that are still sung in the country are dating from the 14th century.

The traditional music of the country has a religious character. For example, during the 17th century there have been written a wide range of songs and the most popular would be Hallgrimur Petursson’s Protestant hymns. Folk songs talk about love, winters, sailors, elves, trolls, as well as other mythological creatures. All this kind of local music was later modernized. To learn more about Icelandic culture and music you can visit www.icelandbuddy.com.

Bjork: the most famous Icelandic artist

Music of Iceland And The Famous Icelandic SingersEven though the country has a small population in relation to other European countries, it includes many bands and famous artists, ranging from indie, pop rock to electronic music. The most famous artist in the country is the composer and eclectic singer Bjork, who has sole over 15 million albums all over the world and has also received 13 Grammy nominations.

She is considered to be the most popular musician in her country and one of the most influential modern artists. Her musical style has been described as eclectic and has ranged from jazz, alternative and electronic to classical. She initially became known as the lead singer of the famous rock band The Sugarcubes. Her sound is unique, while she is still continually experimenting and pushing her musical boundaries.

Other Icelandic Important Artists

Daniel Aust Haraldsson is another important artist in his country. He is a solo artist, who has made a great career as a lead singer of the bands GusGus, Esja and Nydonsk. Moreover, he has been part of the local and internations music scene for 20 years, since he started his career in the country. Emiliana Torrini is another a well known singer in Iceland.

Best known for the single ‘Jungle Drum’ (2009)from her album ‘me and Armini is well known abroad and reached No.1 in the Austrian, German and Icelandic single charts. Her latest album Tookah was released in 2013. Other great Icelandic artists are Eirikur Hauksson (heavy metal vocalist), Bubbi Morthens (singer and songwriter), Hera (songwriter, who now lives in New Zealand), Mugison and Asgeir Trausti among many others.

The most well known bands in the country

Music of Iceland And The Famous Icelandic Singers

Sigur Ross is a post-rock band group from Reykjavik, which has been active in the music scene the last 15 years. The members of the band are best known for their ethereal sound, Jonsi Brigsson’s falsetto vocals, as well as the use of bowed guitar. In addition they incorporate into their music classical and minimalist aesthetic elements.

They have participated in a number of large festivals in Europe and in the United States of America. The band has been named after Sigurros Elin, the sister of Jonsi. In addition, the metal band Solstafir is another important band in the country and around the world. The Viking metal band, by the name Skalmold, played two shows with the Icelandic symphony orchestra in 2013 that were sold out.

Icelandic music Festivals

The country hosts many music festivals annually. The most recognized one is Iceland Airwaves, which is in the music scene since 1990. This festival showcases the local rock, pop and electro music scene along with a number of international acts. It takes place every October and usually hosts more than 9.000 guests from all over the world.